Most of us have suffered pain from the troublesome wisdom teeth that persist and persist until the dentist decide to extract them, but what are their functions? Why can they cause us pain? These and many more questions will be answered in order to clarify the whole subject of the famous wisdom teeth. But always remember to attend with the best specialists to avoid damage to the oral area. Dentist in Tijuana are famous for doing this type of procedure and other types of surgeries.

What are wisdom teeth?

Wisdom teeth, also called third molars, are the last teeth to develop. They usually appear in people when they are around 20 years old, causing not only pain but can also affect dental accommodation.

According to research related to human evolution, wisdom teeth currently have no function. ancestors used third molars to help grind certain roots or raw foods and over time and thanks to evolution, our jaw has been reduced so there is no longer space for these molars, so they are extracted, to prevent movement in the teeth.

Why do they hurt?

They can cause discomfort because they are growing; in many people this can be caused because their jawbone is too small and this prevents the teeth from erupting, causing severe pain. Some problems that can arise are:

  • Infections.
  • Pains.
  • Sensitivity in the gums (gingivitis) or diseases.
  • Damage to nearby teeth.

That’s why most people go to their dentist for an extraction to avoid pain and infections. Your dentist will make a small evaluation to know the state of your mouth.

What exams will the dentist do?

An analysis of your dental history will be carried out, a study of the health of your teeth and gums and a check for signs of infection, as well as your dentist will ask you certain questions. X-rays are essential and are a way to know if there are no infections, the positioning of teeth, tooth eruption, loss of bone mass, among others.  Two types of x-rays are used to know the state of the mouth:

Intraoral: Images that show between 3 to 6 teeth and a separate jaw.

Panoramic: Shows a general image of the entire denture and jaws, giving more information about the roots and all the structures found in the jaws.

Probably it is your dentist who performs these exams and who does the same surgery, this helps you know your case better.

How is the procedure to extract the tooth?

First of all, it is necessary for the patient to prepare for the surgery; the patient should coordinate the schedules so that the recovery does not affect activities, follow all the instructions provided by the dentist and by all the team, wearing loose clothes will allow greater comfort and finally, try to have an escort take you home.

Now, let’s talk a little bit about the extraction.

Methods can definitely vary, they can make an incision in the gum to reach the tooth, they can remove part of the bone around the tooth, or they can simply remove the crown from the tooth. The type of method that will be performed depends on: the position of the tooth, the depth of the tooth, and how close it is to the nerves.

What care do I need to take after surgery?

  • After surgery it is very common that there is bleeding so it is necessary not to remove the gauze to stop the blood.
  • Take the medications according to the specifications indicated by the dentist.
  • Do not drink hot liquids.
  • Get plenty of rest.
  • Protect the extraction site by avoiding smoking.

Although it is a very common procedure, it is always important to know why they arise and what you can do to have a quick and healthy recovery.